This volume brings together original essays by internationally renowned scholars who provide a wide-ranging examination of national security in India. They discuss strategic and foreign policy issues that lie at the heart of India’s security concerns in today’s world order. The book charts India’s growth from a poor, developing country to a middle-ranking nuclear power and examines its position in a US-dominated world order. It then looks at India’s relations with its nuclear neighbours—China and Pakistan and explores possibilities of nuclear risk-reduction in the South Asian region. The volume ends with two essays on Subrahmanyam’s contribution to the security debate and a select bibliography of his writings.